JIGSAW- PSHE and RSHE Scheme
What is PSHE/RSHE Education?
PSHE Education (Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education) and RSE (Relationship and Sex Education) is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to successfully manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE and RSHE Education develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.
PSHE and RSE form part of the Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development of our children at Swanwick Primary School
What do schools have to teach in PSHE/RSE Education?
According to the National Curriculum, every school needs to have a broad and balanced curriculum that:
- promotes the spiritual, moral, social, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school;
- prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life;
- promotes British values.
From September 2020, primary schools in England also need to teach Relationships and Health Education as compulsory subjects and the Department for Education strongly recommends this should also include age-appropriate Sex Education. Schools also have statutory responsibilities to safeguard their pupils (Keeping Children Safe in Education) and to uphold the Equality Act (2010).
PSHE and Relationships Education at Swanwick Primary School
We follow the Jigsaw Programme for our PSHE and Relationship and Sex Education (RSE) curriculum which supports all of these requirements and has children’s wellbeing at its heart. Jigsaw supports our school ethos and values and is a structured programme of lessons that builds over time to develop the knowledge, skills and understanding of the children. However, we do supplement the programme where necessary to reflect our school community and the children’s needs. We also ensure that both national and international events that raise personal, social and health issues are explored.
What is Jigsaw approach to PSHE and RSHE and how does it work?
Jigsaw is a whole-school approach and embodies a positive philosophy and creative teaching and learning activities to nurture children’s development as compassionate and well-rounded human beings as well as building their capacity to learn.
Jigsaw is a comprehensive and completely original PSHE/RSE Education programme for the whole primary school from ages 3-11. It also includes all the statutory requirements for Relationships and Health Education, and Sex Education is also included in the Changing Me Puzzle (unit).
Jigsaw has two main aims for all children:
- To build their capacity for learning
- To equip them for life
Jigsaw brings together PSHE Education, compulsory Relationships and Health Education, emotional literacy, mindfulness, social skills and spiritual development. It is designed as a whole school approach, with all year groups working on the same theme (Puzzle) at the same time at their own level. There are six Puzzles (half-term units of work) and each year group is taught one lesson per week. All lessons are delivered in an age and stage appropriate way so that they meet children’s needs. However, weekly sessions may be supplemented with lessons that reflect current need/issues within the class, our school and its community or national issues.
What will the Jigsaw Scheme of Work teach our children at Swanwick Primary School?
The overview below summarises the content in each of Jigsaw’s units of work (Puzzle Pieces) for all our children from 3 years to 11 years old:
Jigsaw Puzzle Piece 1: Being Me in My World
This covers a wide range of topics, including a sense of belonging, welcoming others and being part of a school community, a wider community, and a global community; it also looks at children’s rights and responsibilities, working and socialising with others, and pupil voice.
Jigsaw Puzzle Piece 2: Celebrating Difference
This topic focuses on similarities and differences and teaches about diversity, such as disability, racism, power, friendships, and conflict; children learn to accept everyone’s right to ‘difference’, and most year groups explore the concept of ‘normality’. Anti-bullying, including cyber and homophobic bullying, is an important aspect of this Puzzle.
Jigsaw Puzzle Piece 3: Dreams and Goals
This topic aims to help children think about their hopes and dreams, their goals for success, what their personal strengths are, and how to overcome challenges, using team-work skills and tasks. There is also a focus on enterprise and fundraising. Children learn about experiencing and managing feelings of pride, ambition, disappointment, success; and they get to share their aspirations, the dreams and goals of others in different cultures/countries, and their dreams for their community and the world. It’s great for children to have this experience, to think ambitiously, and to have aspirations.
Jigsaw Puzzle Piece 4: Healthy Me
This covers two main areas of health: Emotional/mental health (relaxation, being safe, friendships, mental health skills, body image, relationships with food, managing stress) and Physical health (eating a balanced diet, physical activity, rest and relaxation, keeping clean, drugs and alcohol, being safe, first aid). Most of the statutory content for Health Education (DfE) is contained within this Puzzle.
Jigsaw Puzzle Piece 5: Relationships
This topic starts with building a respectful relationship with self and covers topics including families, friendships, pets and animals, and love and loss. A vital part of this Puzzle is about safeguarding and keeping children safe; this links to online safety and social networking. Children learn how to deal with conflict, build assertiveness skills, and identify their own strengths and strategies for building self-esteem and resilience. They explore roles and responsibilities in families and friendship groups, and consider stereotypes.
Jigsaw Puzzle Piece 6: Changing Me
This deals with change of many types, from growing from young to old, becoming a teenager, assertiveness, puberty, self-respect and safeguarding. Each year group thinks about looking ahead, moving year groups or the transition to secondary school and how to cope positively with such changes. Life cycles and human reproduction are taught in different year groups in an age appropriate. This unit can be located in more detail in the subpage.